Editor’s note: War Books is a weekly MWI series, in which we ask interesting guests—practitioners, experts, or experienced students of war—to list five books that have shaped the way they understand war, warfare, and strategy. This edition of War Books originally appeared in 2016.


Top Five Books

Karl Marlantes, Matterhorn

A searing portrait of a young Marine officer’s first sixty days in vicious combat in Vietnam. Counterinsurgency turned upside down. Read it alongside Arkady Babchenko’s One Soldier’s War, about the Soviet experience in Chechnya.

Nicholas Montserrat, The Cruel Sea

War at Sea, with all of the human costs; and a gripping portrait of command.

Patrick O’Brian, Master and Commander

This just one of an entire series of twenty novels set two centuries ago during the Napoleonic wars. They are a sustained meditation on life at sea, leadership in war, human interaction, the meaning of friendship, and great power politics. Taken together, the novels are the greatest sustained work of fiction in the twentieth century. Really.

Thucydides, The Peloponnesian Wars

History was invented by the ancient Greeks, and this superbly told tale of coalition warfare, diplomacy and war, the rise and fall of city states, and the power of personality has it all.

Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant

Human in scale, epic in execution, and beautifully written by a dying general who lived with passion and conviction—often misled by others, but always searching for his true north. Perhaps the best autobiography written.

The One That Shaped Me The Most

Not a single book, but the collected works of Hemingway have had great influence on me. Taken together, they cover so many of the situations in which we find ourselves in the military and in the lives we have led: war itself, of course, but also the challenges of relationships, the turmoil of change, the danger of over-reliance on others, the need for a moral code, the bleak outcomes life offers in the end, the sense of resilience, a passion for life and all that it offers—the list goes on and on. Classics that I come back to again and again are The Sun Also Rises, For Whom the Bell Tolls, The Snows of Kilimanjaro, The Old Man and the Sea, A Farewell to Arms, A Moveable Feast, and the Nick Adams short stories. I own a half dozen first editions, and a signed copy of A Farewell to Arms, that I count among my most prized possessions.


A Florida native, Jim Stavridis attended the US Naval Academy at Annapolis, and spent over thirty years in the Navy, rising to the rank of four-star admiral. Among his many commands were four years as the sixteenth Supreme Allied Commander at NATO, where he oversaw operations in Afghanistan, Libya, Syria, the Balkans, and off the coast of Africa. He earned a PhD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, winning the Gullion prize as outstanding student in his class, as well as academic honors from the National and Naval War Colleges as a distinguished student. Jim is the twelfth Dean at the Fletcher School, a post he assumed in the summer of 2013.

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the US government.