Two years ago, the Modern War Institute’s John Spencer wrote an article titled “A Soldier’s Urban Warfare Christmas Wish List.” As the chair of urban warfare studies at MWI, he had spent a lot of time thinking about tasks soldiers would be required to perform in urban environments but didn’t have the right equipment for.

He revisited that idea this year, publishing a longer list of capabilities US forces would need if they are to succeed in a range of missions in dense urban terrain. In that article, he described twelve specific capabilities, and this episode of the Urban Warfare Project Podcast features a detailed discussion about why each of them is so vital for military forces operating in cities.

You can listen to the full episode below or find it on Apple Podcasts, Stitcher, Spotify, TuneIn, or your favorite podcast app. Be sure to subscribe, and if you’re enjoying the Urban Warfare Project Podcast, please take a minute and leave the podcast a review or give it a rating!

Image credit:  Pfc. Kamryn Guthrie, US Army